Source/author : The Oxford Institute for Energy studies
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Oxford Energy Forum 114 looked at liberalization and decarbonization of electricity systems around the world, especially outside the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development).
Previously, Forum 104 had studied the challenges facing the electricity sector in OECD countries, with a focus on Europe. Regardless of their circumstances, virtually all countries are undergoing a fundamental transformation of the sector, involving a significant increase in the role of renewable energy, greater decentralization of energy resources, and the adoption of new ‘smart’ digital technologies.
This transformation creates opportunities for expanded consumer access and participation, as well as for decarbonization of energy. However, it also requires new policies, markets, and regulations, as well as new approaches to investment, operations, industry structure, and business models. This issue of the Forum focuses on the electrification of Africa, especially subSaharan Africa (SSA). Due to significant expected population growth, the number of Africans without electricity access in 2030 may not fall much from today’s level of about 600 million, which is about 60 per cent of the world’s current population without access to electricity.
The articles cover a wide variety of countries and issues, focusing on barriers to meeting electrification objectives and ways to overcome them. Here are some of the general themes.